The First Phase Most products people in the industrialized nations use today are turned out swiftly by the process of mass production, by people and sometimes, robots working on assembly lines using power-driven machines. People of ancient and medieval times had no such products. They had to spend long, tedious hours of hand labor even on simple objects.
The Industrial Revolution made our lives easier, but did it make them better? The main features involved in the Industrial Revolution were technological, socioeconomic, and cultural.
The technological changes included the following: These technological changes made possible a tremendously increased use of natural resources and the mass Indusrial revolution of manufactured goods. There were also many new developments in nonindustrial spheres, including the following: Workers acquired new and distinctive skills, and their relation to their tasks shifted; instead of being craftsmen working with hand toolsthey became machine operators, subject to factory discipline.
Finally, there was a psychological change: Aware of their head start, the British forbade the export of machinery, skilled workers, and manufacturing techniques. The British monopoly could not last forever, especially since some Britons saw profitable industrial opportunities abroad, while continental European businessmen sought to lure British know-how to their countries.
Like its British progenitor, the Belgian Industrial Revolution centred in iron, coal, and textiles. France was more slowly and less thoroughly industrialized than either Britain or Belgium.
While Britain was establishing its industrial leadership, France was immersed in its Revolutionand the uncertain political situation discouraged large investments in industrial innovations.
By France had become an industrial power, but, despite great growth under the Second Empireit remained behind Britain.
Other European countries lagged far behind. Their bourgeoisie lacked the wealth, power, and opportunities of their British, French, and Belgian counterparts. Political conditions in the other nations also hindered industrial expansion. Germanyfor example, despite vast resources of coal and iron, did not begin its industrial expansion until after national unity was achieved in The rise of U.
And Japan too joined the Industrial Revolution with striking success. It was not until the five-year plans that the Soviet Union became a major industrial power, telescoping into a few decades the industrialization that had taken a century and a half in Britain. The midth century witnessed the spread of the Industrial Revolution into hitherto nonindustrialized areas such as China and India.
In terms of basic materials, modern industry began to exploit many natural and synthetic resources not hitherto utilized: Combined with these were developments in machinestoolsand computers that gave rise to the automatic factory.
Although some segments of industry were almost completely mechanized in the early to midth century, automatic operation, as distinct from the assembly linefirst achieved major significance in the second half of the 20th century.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. The oligarchical ownership of the means of production that characterized the Industrial Revolution in the early to midth century gave way to a wider distribution of ownership through purchase of common stocks by individuals and by institutions such as insurance companies.
In the first half of the 20th century, many countries of Europe socialized basic sectors of their economies. There was also during that period a change in political theories:Aug 28, · The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban.
The Industrial Revolution radically changed the organization of work.
In the new factories, a large number of workers gathered together six or seven days a week to engage in tightly coordinated tasks paced by machinery. Born out of a passion to create a bold, unique and exciting restaurant theme, the Industrial Revolution Eatery & Grille fuses the finest handcrafted comfort cuisine with an atmosphere that pays tribute to the American spirit of Innovation and Greatness.
Watch video · The Industrial Revolution occurred when agrarian societies became more industrialized and urban.
Learn where and when the Industrial Revolution started, and the . What was the 'Industrial Revolution' The Industrial Revolution was a period of major industrialization that took place during the late s and early s. The Industrial Revolution began in.
The Industrial Revolution did not occur in Britain merely because Britain had the most advanced technology, but because this technology was situated in a country with a secure financial system, global trade networks, lots of raw materials, including coal, a relatively stable political system with the capacity to direct economic development, and a skilled workforce augmented by skilled foreign.